Spontaneous Shrines

"We who build shrines and construct public altars or parade with photographs of the deceased will not allow you to write off victims as regrettable statistics…They are, I believe, the voice of the people." –Jack Santino

Sacred space or public place?

MOJAVE DESERT: Replacement cross removed from rock

Morongo Bill’s Back Porch/Contributed Image
A new cross has been placed at the embattled Mojave Cross site.



dbegley@pe.com; rdeatley@pe.com

Published: 15 November 2011 10:56 AM

Federal rangers on Tuesday removed a cross erected on Sunrise Rock in the Mojave Desert east of Baker, the same location where an earlier cross was taken down in a legal battle over whether a religious symbol should be allowed on public land.

Bill McDonald, who blogs about Mojave issues under the name Morongo Bill, said he spotted the cross Monday as he was preparing to take a hike that begins about 100 yards from Sunrise Rock. The spot is about 10 miles south of Interstate 15 near Cima Road.

“I actually parked at the Teutonia Peak trailhead,” McDonald said, “and I looked and thought, ‘Holy —-, there is a cross there!’”

In compliance with a court order that led to the removal of the original Mojave Cross – placed on the rock in 1934 to honor soldiers who died in World War I – the replacement will be removed, said Linda Slater, spokeswoman for the Mojave National Preserve, which is managed by the National Park Service.

 Slater said park service police will investigate who erected the replacement cross and decide whether a crime was committed.

“You can’t go putting things up in national parks,” Slater said.

The new cross, along with one removed from Sunrise Rock last year, will be stored as evidence at a park service building in Barstow. Officials are keeping the items until a resolution is reached in a lawsuit filed by the American Civil Liberties Union. The ACLU sued in 2001 on behalf of Frank Buono, a former assistant superintendent at the Mojave National Preserve who claimed the cross was a governmental endorsement of religion.

Cross proponents say the memorial is meant not as a religious symbol but as a memorial to those who gave their lives for the country.

Under a 2004 land swap engineered by Rep. Jerry Lewis, R-Redlands, a single acre of land on which the cross long stood would become property of the Veterans for Foreign Wars. In return, five acres of privately held land elsewhere in the Mojave preserve would be donated to the government.

In 2007, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the land swap didn’t solve the problem, concluding that merely “carving out a tiny parcel of property in the midst of this vast preserve – like a donut hole with the cross atop it – will do nothing to minimize the impermissible governmental endorsement” of a religious symbol.

In a 5-4 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned that ruling last year.

“Although certainly a Christian symbol, the cross was not emplaced on Sunrise Rock to promote a Christian message,” Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote in the lead opinion.

The Department of Justice and ACLU are attempting to negotiate a settlement, said Justice Department spokesman Wyn Hornbuckle. U.S. District Judge Robert J. Timlin on Tuesday granted a 90-day extension to settle the matter by February.

As the courts batted the case back and forth, the original cross – which the park service had covered with a wooden box – was stolen last year. Someone replaced it with a replica a week later. The cross that showed up this week is evidence that someone is serous about keeping the monument, McDonald said.

How do you feel about the removal of a cross erected on federal land in the Mojave Desert?
Toss the cross. It’s on federal land and a clear violation of the separation of church and state.
The cross should remain – it’s a tribute to World War I veterans, not a religious symbol
Keep the cross. Who’s it hurting, anyway?
I’m not sure. Let’s wait for the courts to settle the matter.

Single Post Navigation

4 thoughts on “Sacred space or public place?

  1. I found this in today’s headlines of The Press-Enterprise, the local paper of Riverside, California.

    It’s not exactly a spontaneous shrine, but it raises some interesting issues regarding religious memorials on public land.

    You can read the article on PE.com here:

  2. Thank you so much for posting this link! I’d be interested in speaking with him sometime about it, if he’d be willing–as this issue has come up numerous times in recent years. It’s a fascinating debate and one worth thinking about.

  3. Pingback: Mojave cross to be re-installed on Veteran’s Day, 2012 « Spontaneous Shrines

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s


Charting the borderlands between religion and pop culture

Cemeteries and Cemetery Symbols

Exploring the meaning of cemetery symbols and other graveyard mysteries. For genealogy sleuths, taphophiles and goth kids.

Miss Tanya Jean

Just a girl and her superlative words.

The Object Ethnography Project

Creative Experiments in Critical Practice: Art, Anthropology, and Economy



Rousing Departures

'Conventional people are roused to fury by departure from convention, largely because they regard such departure as a criticism of themselves.' – Bertrand Russell, The Conquest of Happiness, 1930.

The Mouth of The Kenai

The Mouth of The Kenai

Looking at the West

A personal blog of photography and commentary by Andrew McAllister.

Religion, Secularism, & Civil Societies

in the Netherlands, Germany, and the United States

The Lonely Walkers Blog

Challenging the idea of distance


I eat cheese, I run from zombies, and I do therapy


Just another WordPress.com site

Death Be Not Proud

American deathways exlored

Animitas, Grutas, or Roadside Shrines

A Site Celebrating The Tragic Beauty Of Latin America's Highway Monuments

Next Gen Memorials

Ideas for planning a funeral, memorial or celebration of life

War Memorials Archive Blog

Features and news about war memorials in the UK

Spontaneous Shrines

"We who build shrines and construct public altars or parade with photographs of the deceased will not allow you to write off victims as regrettable statistics...They are, I believe, the voice of the people." --Jack Santino


...of the one of a kind

%d bloggers like this: